domingo, 15 de junio de 2008

haina es uno de los sitio mas contaminado del mundo


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LISTA DE PAISES CON SITIOS ALTAMENTE CONTAMINADOS
Sumgayit, Azerbaijan
Cancer rates in Sumgayit are 22-51% higher than the national average in Azerbaijan (photo credit: Adam Klaus) www.worstpolluted.org
Cancer rates in Sumgayit are 22-51% higher than the national average in Azerbaijan (photo credit: Adam Klaus) www.worstpolluted.org

Linfen, China
Young coal miner in Linfen, China. The State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) of China has branded Linfen as having the worst air quality in the country. ( photo credit: Andreas Haberman) www.wo...

Young coal miner in Linfen, China. The State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) of China has branded Linfen as having the worst air quality in the country. ( photo credit: Andreas Haberman) www.worstpolluted.org

Tianying, China
Tianying has China's leading lead production bases, contributing to lead poisoning and various disorders and illnesses in children. www.worstpolluted.org

Tianying has China's leading lead production bases, contributing to lead poisoning and various disorders and illnesses in children. www.worstpolluted.org

Sukinda, India
Women workers are exposed to water contaminated by hexavalent chromium. Infertility, birth defects, and stillbirths have resulted from this exposure. (credit: P. Madhavan/MMP India) www.worstpolluted....

Women workers are exposed to water contaminated by hexavalent chromium. Infertility, birth defects, and stillbirths have resulted from this exposure. (credit: P. Madhavan/MMP India) www.worstpolluted.org

Vapi, India
Approximately 71,000 people in Vapi use contaminated well water for lack of a safe alternative. (photo credit: Blacksmith Institute) www.worstpolluted.org

Approximately 71,000 people in Vapi use contaminated well water for lack of a safe alternative. (photo credit: Blacksmith Institute) www.worstpolluted.org
La Oroya, Peru
Local children play near the plant's operations. In 1999, 99% of the children in La Oroya had high levels of lead in their blood. (photo credit: Anna Cederstav/AIDA) www.worstpolluted.org

Local children play near the plant's operations. In 1999, 99% of the children in La Oroya had high levels of lead in their blood. (photo credit: Anna Cederstav/AIDA) www.worstpolluted.org

Dzerzhinsk, Russia
In Dzerzhinsk, Russia, waste from 190 chemicals has turned the groundwater into a dangerous toxic sludge. Life expectancy is 42 for men and 47 for women. ( photo credit: Blacksmith Institute) www.wors...

In Dzerzhinsk, Russia, waste from 190 chemicals has turned the groundwater into a dangerous toxic sludge. Life expectancy is 42 for men and 47 for women. ( photo credit: Blacksmith Institute) www.worstpolluted.org

Norilsk, Russia
Norilsk has the world's largest heavy metals smelting complex. It's operations are releasing 4 million tons of Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni, As, Se and Zn into the air annually. (photo credit: Hans Wendel) www.wors...

Norilsk has the world's largest heavy metals smelting complex. It's operations are releasing 4 million tons of Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni, As, Se and Zn into the air annually. (photo credit: Hans Wendel) www.worstpolluted.org

Chernobyl, Ukraine
Children in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine have been suffering from the effect of the radiation released in April 1986. The Rechitsa orphanage in Belarus has been caring for the huge population of sick c...

Children in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine have been suffering from the effect of the radiation released in April 1986. The Rechitsa orphanage in Belarus has been caring for the huge population of sick children. (photo credit: Julien Behal/Chernobyl Children's Project) www.worstpolluted.org

Kabwe, Zambia
Young men look for metal near an abandoned lead mine in Kabwe, Zambia. Many children in the area suffer from severe lead poisoning. (photo credit: Blacksmith Institute) www.worstpolluted.org

Young men look for metal near an abandoned lead mine in Kabwe, Zambia. Many children in the area suffer from severe lead poisoning. (photo credit: Blacksmith Institute) www.worstpolluted.org

Matanza-Riacheulo River Basin, Argentina
The river basin is Argentina's worst environmental hotspot with more than 3,500 polluting tanneries, oil, chemical, and metal plants, illicit sewage pipes and 42 open garbage dumps along the river. ww...
The river basin is Argentina's worst environmental hotspot with more than 3,500 polluting tanneries, oil, chemical, and metal plants, illicit sewage pipes and 42 open garbage dumps along the river. www.worstpolluted.org

Hazaribagh, Bangladesh
Ninety percent of Bangladesh’s 270 registered tanneries are located in Hazaribagh, on just 62 acres of land. The tanneries generate 7.7 million litres of liquid waste and 88 million tons of solid wast...
Ninety percent of Bangladesh’s 270 registered tanneries are located in Hazaribagh, on just 62 acres of land. The tanneries generate 7.7 million litres of liquid waste and 88 million tons of solid waste per year; 15,000 cubic meters of this untreated chemical waste flows directly into the Buriganga River. www.worstpolluted.org


Huaxi, China
Since 2001, the Huaxi government has been leasing nearly 2500 acres to the Huaxi Industrial Park, housing thirteen chemical estates. There are reports of drums of chemicals being abandoned inside the ...
Since 2001, the Huaxi government has been leasing nearly 2500 acres to the Huaxi Industrial Park, housing thirteen chemical estates. There are reports of drums of chemicals being abandoned inside the factory premises and untreated wastewater simply being covered over with concrete slabs. Severe agricultural losses have been reported in the area. www.worstpolluted.org


Lanzhou, China

Lanzhou was once named by World Resources Institute as one of the world’s most polluted cities. Heavy industrial emissions and the use of coal as the primary fuel, are the main sources of pollution. I...
Lanzhou was once named by World Resources Institute as one of the world’s most polluted cities. Heavy industrial emissions and the use of coal as the primary fuel, are the main sources of pollution. Illegal industrial discharges are commonplace and frequently reported in the local press. The mayor has made public calls for residents to walk to work. www.worstpolluted.org


Urumqi, China
A report released in 1998 by the World Health Organization on poor air quality in 272 cities worldwide named Urumqi in its top ten. Suspended particulates including PM10, sulfur dioxide and nitrous ox...
A report released in 1998 by the World Health Organization on poor air quality in 272 cities worldwide named Urumqi in its top ten. Suspended particulates including PM10, sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxides cloud the air. www.worstpolluted.org
Wanshan, China
Wanshan has been termed the ‘Mercury Capital’ of China because more than 60% of the country’s mercury deposits were discovered there. Mercury contamination extends throughout the city’s air, surface w...
Wanshan has been termed the ‘Mercury Capital’ of China because more than 60% of the country’s mercury deposits were discovered there. Mercury contamination extends throughout the city’s air, surface water systems, and soils. Concentrations in soil range from 24.3 to 348 mg/kg (16 to 232 times the maximum national standards for mercury contamination). www.worstpolluted.org

Haina, Dominican Republic
The densely populated city of Bajos de Haina is severely contaminated with lead from a closed down automobile battery recycling facility. Various studies have found alarming lead pollution in the Hain...
The densely populated city of Bajos de Haina is severely contaminated with lead from a closed down automobile battery recycling facility. Various studies have found alarming lead pollution in the Haina community, with blood and soil levels several orders of magnitude above accepted limits. www.worstpolluted.org

Oriente, Ecuador
After three decades of activity by Texaco (now Chevron), the company left behind 600 open waste pits and allegedly dumped 18.5 billion gallons of toxic waste into Ecuador's rainforest. This toxic dump...
After three decades of activity by Texaco (now Chevron), the company left behind 600 open waste pits and allegedly dumped 18.5 billion gallons of toxic waste into Ecuador's rainforest. This toxic dumping is reported to affect not only an indigenous population of 30,000 people but also 2.5 million acres of rain forest. www.worstpolluted.org


Mahad Industrial Estate, India
According to a survey conducted by the Supreme Court Monitoring Committee, approximately 1,800 tons of hazardous sludge has accumulated at the Mahad Industrial Estate. The hazardous waste has not been...
According to a survey conducted by the Supreme Court Monitoring Committee, approximately 1,800 tons of hazardous sludge has accumulated at the Mahad Industrial Estate. The hazardous waste has not been properly contained within the premises of the industrial estate as asserted by various industrial managers and has instead leached out into the surrounding area. www.worstpolluted.org


Ranipet, India
A factory in Ranipet manufactured sodium chromate, chromium salts and basic chromium sulfate tanning powder that is used locally in the leather tanning process. The Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board ...
A factory in Ranipet manufactured sodium chromate, chromium salts and basic chromium sulfate tanning powder that is used locally in the leather tanning process. The Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TN PCB) estimates that about 1,500,000 tons of solid wastes accumulated over two decades of plant operation. An exposed dump (three to five meters high and on nearly five and a half acres of land) on the facility premises leaches a toxic cocktail into the groundwater. www.worstpolluted.org


Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan

The notorious Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Range has left a number of environmental disaster zones in its wake. Radioactive contaminants litter the surrounding area and may be airborne. Balkash Coppe...
The notorious Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Range has left a number of environmental disaster zones in its wake. Radioactive contaminants litter the surrounding area and may be airborne. Balkash Copper Smelter, idle for a long period, has restarted its operations in the area and is now polluting the air with sulphur and nitrogen dioxides and with metallic particulates. www.worstpolluted.org


Dandora, Kenya
Dandora is now home to a quarter of a million Nairobi residents. The dumpsite is 30 solid acres of garbage. Concentrated methane gases regularly result in spontaneous dump fires. Waste consistently le...
Dandora is now home to a quarter of a million Nairobi residents. The dumpsite is 30 solid acres of garbage. Concentrated methane gases regularly result in spontaneous dump fires. Waste consistently leaches into the Nairobi River, which runs through the lower edge of the dump before passing through the city slum. www.worstpolluted.org

Maluu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan
In April of 2006, the Obschestvenny Reiting Newspaper reported that about 300,000 cubic meters of material fell into the Mailuu-Suu River near uranium mine tailings, the result of yet another landslid...
In April of 2006, the Obschestvenny Reiting Newspaper reported that about 300,000 cubic meters of material fell into the Mailuu-Suu River near uranium mine tailings, the result of yet another landslide. The Kyrgyzstan National Sciences Academy (KNASA) surveyed 170 sites in Mailuu-Suu and concluded that high levels of radioactivity were indeed present. www.worstpolluted.org


Mexico City, Mexico

The ozone levels in Mexico City exceed World Health Organization standards 300 days a year, and SEMARNAT (Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources) has estimated that the air in the busy border ...
The ozone levels in Mexico City exceed World Health Organization standards 300 days a year, and SEMARNAT (Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources) has estimated that the air in the busy border town of Ciudad Juarez is 40% less contaminated than in the capital. www.worstpolluted.org


Huancavelica, Peru

Legacy mercury pollution lines the city’s open trenches and waterways. The residents here have been living with mercury for nearly 400 years. Some of the locals still mine mercury on a small scale and...
Legacy mercury pollution lines the city’s open trenches and waterways. The residents here have been living with mercury for nearly 400 years. Some of the locals still mine mercury on a small scale and the entrance to the main mercury mines remains open to this day. www.worstpolluted.org

Meycauayan, Philippines
Industrial waste is haphazardly dumped into the Meycauayan River, a source of drinking and agricultural water supplies for the 250,000 people living in and around this suburb of Manila. Substantial co...
Industrial waste is haphazardly dumped into the Meycauayan River, a source of drinking and agricultural water supplies for the 250,000 people living in and around this suburb of Manila. Substantial contamination also results from small-scale lead recycling facilities along the river at Marilao and from the many tanneries that dump untreated hexavalent chromium wastewater into the river. www.worstpolluted.org


Bratsk, Russia
According to Yuri Udodov, head of the Federal Committee on Ecology (FCE) in the state of Irkutsk, this region has "the highest rate of discharge of metallic mercury into the environment [in] all of Si...
According to Yuri Udodov, head of the Federal Committee on Ecology (FCE) in the state of Irkutsk, this region has "the highest rate of discharge of metallic mercury into the environment [in] all of Siberia." Bratsk has been declared an ecological disaster zone. The Bratsk Aluminium Plant has been polluting its surroundings to such great degree that the town of Chikanovskiy was evacuated in 2001 due to repeated health emergencies. www.worstpolluted.org

Chita, Russia
Krasnokamensk has generated fifty to seventy-five million tons of tailings, making it the largest waste stream at a uranium production site in the world. A Balei community survey documents hundreds of...
Krasnokamensk has generated fifty to seventy-five million tons of tailings, making it the largest waste stream at a uranium production site in the world. A Balei community survey documents hundreds of homes with radiation levels as much as 10-20 times the permissible levels. About 500-1000 homes or more suffer from radiation exposures far above international standards. www.worstpolluted.org


Magnitogorsk, Russia
One of the largest Russian iron and steel works was purported to emit 650,000 tons of industrial wastes, including many toxic chemicals, thereby polluting some 4,000 square miles. According to steelwo...
One of the largest Russian iron and steel works was purported to emit 650,000 tons of industrial wastes, including many toxic chemicals, thereby polluting some 4,000 square miles. According to steelworkers, none of the filtering devices are in working condition. www.worstpolluted.org


Rudnaya Pristan, Russia
Dalnegorsk and Rudnaya Pristan are two towns in the Russian Far East whose residents suffer from serious lead poisoning from an old smelter and the unsafe transport of lead concentrate from the local ...
Dalnegorsk and Rudnaya Pristan are two towns in the Russian Far East whose residents suffer from serious lead poisoning from an old smelter and the unsafe transport of lead concentrate from the local lead mining site. A recent study suggests that drinking water, interior dust, and garden crops contain dangerous levels of lead. Water discharged from the smelter averages 2900 m3/day with concentrations up to 100 kg of lead and 20 kg of arsenic. www.worstpolluted.org

3 comentarios:

garauzo@email dijo...

POLLUTION TO THE OROYA CITY PERÚ
The years 2006 and 2007 the Blacksmith Institute have accomplished a research about the cities more contaminated to the world and arrived to the conclusion that the Oroya city was between the 10 cities more polluted of the world and, the environment Graffiti 2008 said that is between five more pollute too to the world and the 2008 Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross Switzerland say that Oroya is between the most polluted of the world. This qualifications are benevolents; according to my researchs to many years who I am publishing, the Oroya city is the more polluted to Peru, Latin America and of the world and every day is being more polluted: lead in blood in children in the Ancient Oroya in average 53.7 ug/dl ( DIGESA 1999); pregnancies women 39.49 ig/dl ( UNES 2000), new borns children 19.06 ug/dl, puerperal 319 ug/100 grams/placenta ( Castro 2003) and workers 50 ug/dl ( Doe Run 2003).Top lead in blood accepted 10 ug/dl; present day is 0 ug/dl ( Pediatric of Academy to USA)
When the Oroya city was in hands to the CentroMin eliminated only by the upper chimney to 167.500 meters, in average by day in tons: sulfur dioxide 1000, lead 2500, arsenic 2500, cadmium 40, particulate matter 50 and so on, more 24,000 to toxis gas product to the incomplete combustion of the coal, without count it is eliminated by industrial incinerator y by the 97 smalls chimneys, it is estimated 15,000; overall 45,000 tons for day (PAMA . El Complejo Metalúrgico de la Oroya, 1996); other research say that by this chimney only eliminate overall 119¨917,440 tons too every day to a velocity to 8.7 meters by second ( Chuquimantari C. Yauli-La Oroya Minería y Ciudades Empresas Pág. 57, 1992)
Doe Run envoy every three months the concentrations of the heavy metals to the Ministry to the Energy and Mines and with the sames datums Ceverstav have demostrated the pollution was increased; for example the sulfur dioxide it have increased in near to 300 %, by increment to the production (Cederstav. La Oroya no Espera 2002
The American Association to the Environment say that the environmental quality to the Oroya it is serious deteriorated since that Doe Run was owner and the same enterprise
declared that the concentrations of the heavy metals gas it is ncreased in the air: lead 1160 %, cadmium 1990 % and arsenic 6006 % (Portugal, et al. Los Humos de Doe Run 2003)

Anónimo dijo...

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Maria Agustina dijo...
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